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DocsPluginsCLI

@capacitor/app

The App API handles high level App state and events. For example, this API emits events when the app enters and leaves the foreground, handles deeplinks, opens other apps, and manages persisted plugin state.

Install

npm install @capacitor/app
npx cap sync

iOS

For being able to open the app from a custom scheme you need to register the scheme first. You can do it by editing the Info.plist file and adding this lines.

<key>CFBundleURLTypes</key>
<array>
  <dict>
    <key>CFBundleURLName</key>
    <string>com.getcapacitor.capacitor</string>
    <key>CFBundleURLSchemes</key>
    <array>
      <string>mycustomscheme</string>
    </array>
  </dict>
</array>

Android

For being able to open the app from a custom scheme you need to register the scheme first. You can do it by adding this lines inside the activity section of the AndroidManifest.xml.

<intent-filter>
    <action android:name="android.intent.action.VIEW" />
    <category android:name="android.intent.category.DEFAULT" />
    <category android:name="android.intent.category.BROWSABLE" />
    <data android:scheme="@string/custom_url_scheme" />
</intent-filter>

custom_url_scheme value is stored in strings.xml. When the Android platform is added, @capacitor/cli adds the app’s package name as default value, but can be replaced by editing the strings.xml file.

Example

import { App } from '@capacitor/app';

App.addListener('appStateChange', ({ isActive }) => {
  console.log('App state changed. Is active?', isActive);
});

App.addListener('appUrlOpen', data => {
  console.log('App opened with URL:', data);
});

App.addListener('appRestoredResult', data => {
  console.log('Restored state:', data);
});

const checkAppLaunchUrl = async () => {
  const { url } = await App.getLaunchUrl();

  alert('App opened with URL: ' + url);
};

API

exitApp()

exitApp() => never

Force exit the app. This should only be used in conjunction with the backButton handler for Android to exit the app when navigation is complete.

Ionic handles this itself so you shouldn’t need to call this if using Ionic.

Returns: never

Since: 1.0.0


getInfo()

getInfo() => Promise<AppInfo>

Return information about the app.

Returns: Promise<AppInfo>

Since: 1.0.0


getState()

getState() => Promise<AppState>

Gets the current app state.

Returns: Promise<AppState>

Since: 1.0.0


getLaunchUrl()

getLaunchUrl() => Promise<AppLaunchUrl | undefined>

Get the URL the app was launched with, if any.

Returns: Promise<AppLaunchUrl>

Since: 1.0.0


addListener(‘appStateChange’, …)

addListener(eventName: 'appStateChange', listenerFunc: StateChangeListener) => Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Listen for changes in the App’s active state (whether the app is in the foreground or background)

Param Type
eventName 'appStateChange'
listenerFunc StateChangeListener

Returns: Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Since: 1.0.0


addListener(‘appUrlOpen’, …)

addListener(eventName: 'appUrlOpen', listenerFunc: URLOpenListener) => Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Listen for url open events for the app. This handles both custom URL scheme links as well as URLs your app handles (Universal Links on iOS and App Links on Android)

Param Type
eventName 'appUrlOpen'
listenerFunc URLOpenListener

Returns: Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Since: 1.0.0


addListener(‘appRestoredResult’, …)

addListener(eventName: 'appRestoredResult', listenerFunc: RestoredListener) => Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

If the app was launched with previously persisted plugin call data, such as on Android when an activity returns to an app that was closed, this call will return any data the app was launched with, converted into the form of a result from a plugin call.

On Android, due to memory constraints on low-end devices, it’s possible that, if your app launches a new activity, your app will be terminated by the operating system in order to reduce memory consumption.

For example, that means the Camera API, which launches a new Activity to take a photo, may not be able to return data back to your app.

To avoid this, Capacitor stores all restored activity results on launch. You should add a listener for appRestoredResult in order to handle any plugin call results that were delivered when your app was not running.

Once you have that result (if any), you can update the UI to restore a logical experience for the user, such as navigating or selecting the proper tab.

We recommend every Android app using plugins that rely on external Activities (for example, Camera) to have this event and process handled.

Param Type
eventName 'appRestoredResult'
listenerFunc RestoredListener

Returns: Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Since: 1.0.0


addListener(‘backButton’, …)

addListener(eventName: 'backButton', listenerFunc: BackButtonListener) => Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Listen for the hardware back button event (Android only). Listening for this event will disable the default back button behaviour, so you might want to call window.history.back() manually. If you want to close the app, call App.exitApp().

Param Type
eventName 'backButton'
listenerFunc BackButtonListener

Returns: Promise<PluginListenerHandle> & PluginListenerHandle

Since: 1.0.0


removeAllListeners()

removeAllListeners() => Promise<void>

Remove all native listeners for this plugin

Since: 1.0.0


Interfaces

AppInfo

Prop Type Description Since
name string The name of the app. 1.0.0
id string The identifier of the app. On iOS it’s the Bundle Identifier. On Android it’s the Application ID 1.0.0
build string The build version. On iOS it’s the CFBundleVersion. On Android it’s the versionCode. 1.0.0
version string The app version. On iOS it’s the CFBundleShortVersionString. On Android it’s package’s versionName. 1.0.0

AppState

Prop Type Description Since
isActive boolean Whether the app is active or not. 1.0.0

AppLaunchUrl

Prop Type Description Since
url string The url used to open the app. 1.0.0

PluginListenerHandle

Prop Type
remove () => Promise<void>

URLOpenListenerEvent

Prop Type Description Since
url string The URL the app was opened with. 1.0.0
iosSourceApplication any The source application opening the app (iOS only) https://developer.apple.com/documentation/uikit/uiapplicationopenurloptionskey/1623128-sourceapplication 1.0.0
iosOpenInPlace boolean Whether the app should open the passed document in-place or must copy it first. https://developer.apple.com/documentation/uikit/uiapplicationopenurloptionskey/1623123-openinplace 1.0.0

RestoredListenerEvent

Prop Type Description Since
pluginId string The pluginId this result corresponds to. For example, Camera. 1.0.0
methodName string The methodName this result corresponds to. For example, getPhoto 1.0.0
data any The result data passed from the plugin. This would be the result you’d expect from normally calling the plugin method. For example, CameraPhoto 1.0.0
success boolean Boolean indicating if the plugin call succeeded. 1.0.0
error { message: string; } If the plugin call didn’t succeed, it will contain the error message. 1.0.0

BackButtonListenerEvent

Prop Type Description Since
canGoBack boolean Indicates whether the browser can go back in history. False when the history stack is on the first entry. 1.0.0

Type Aliases

StateChangeListener

(state: AppState): void

URLOpenListener

(event: URLOpenListenerEvent): void

RestoredListener

(event: RestoredListenerEvent): void

BackButtonListener

(event: BackButtonListenerEvent): void

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