Creating a 100% perfect native management tool is nearly impossible, and sooner or later you’ll run into various issues with some part of the Android workflow.
This guide attempts to document common Android issues with possible solutions.
Every Android developer learns a few common techniques for debugging Android issues, and you should incorporate these into your workflow:
Any time you encounter an issue with Android, or Gradle, or Emulators, your first step should be to copy and paste the error into a Google search.
Capacitor uses the standard Android toolkit, so chances are if you run into something, many Android developers have as well, and there’s a solution out there.
It could be as simple as updating a dependency, running Gradle sync, or invalidating caches.
If you have installed a new Plugin from npm and are unable to use or see the plugins in your Android build, try using the “Sync Project with Gradle Files” button in the top right of Android Studio (the icon looks like an elephant). This will re-sync your native Android code to include the new plugin code and should allow use of your new plugin. For more info, see this issue on Github.
It can also help with many other seemingly random issues, so running “Sync Project with Gradle Files” is always a good first step when running into most Android build issues.
Cleaning and rebuilding can fix a number of build issues:
If you’re confident you fixed an issue, but Android Studio or Gradle doesn’t agree, often the solution is to have Android Studio invalidate its caches and restart the program.
That can be done easily from the File menu:
This error occurs when some Cordova or Capacitor plugin has old android support dependencies instead of using the new AndroidX equivalent. You should report the issue in the plugin repository so the maintainers can update the plugin to use AndroidX dependencies.
As a workaround, you can also patch the plugin using jetifier:
npm install jetifier npx jetify npx cap sync android
This error is often due to Gradle needing to be synced, something you’ll need to do periodically after updating dependencies and changing project settings.
To manually sync Gradle, open File -> Sync Project with Gradle Files from the main menu bar:
An APK not installing to an Emulator or Device is often due to having an existing app with the same package name. You may see an error like this when trying to run your app:
The solution is to remove any old apps and make sure your package name is up to date in
AndroidManifest.xml and not conflicting with other apps you are developing.
Finally, do a clean and rebuild just in case.
Capacitor lets you manage your own Android project. Like any IDE-backed project, sometimes things get so out of sync that the only solution is to rebuild the project.
To do this, follow these steps:
app/android/src, manifest files, or resource files) into a safe location outside of
npm install @capacitor/cli@latest
rm -rf android/
npx cap add android