See how Capacitor fits into the entire Ionic Ecosystem ->
Capacitor is part of the Ionic Ecosystem ->
iosandroid

Background Tasks

The Background Task API makes it easy to run background tasks. Currently, this plugin supports running a task when the app is backgrounded, and soon will support periodic background fetch operations.

Background Task Guidelines

Mobile operating systems have strict, constantly changing guidelines for background tasks. Running indefinitely in the background is limited to apps that need to play audio, maintain VoIP connections, track geolocation for navigation purposes, and a limited set of other tasks. All other apps should expect to perform periodic, short background tasks, such as finishing an upload when the app goes to the background, and periodically syncing data.

Plugins that claim to offer infinite background operation outside of those core use cases will cause App Store rejections! This limitation is the same for developers using any mobile app technology, not just Capacitor.

Generally, Android is less strict about background tasks, but your app should code to the lowest common denominator in order to be a good actor on all platforms.

NOTE: On iOS setTimeout and setInterval won’t work once your app is in background, so don’t use them inside beforeExit.

Example

import { Plugins } from '@capacitor/core';

const { App, BackgroundTask } = Plugins;

App.addListener('appStateChange', (state) => {

  if (!state.isActive) {
    // The app has become inactive. We should check if we have some work left to do, and, if so,
    // execute a background task that will allow us to finish that work before the OS
    // suspends or terminates our app:

    let taskId = BackgroundTask.beforeExit(async () => {
      // In this function We might finish an upload, let a network request
      // finish, persist some data, or perform some other task

      // Example of long task
      var start = new Date().getTime();
      for (var i = 0; i < 1e18; i++) {
        if ((new Date().getTime() - start) > 20000){
          break;
        }
      }
      // Must call in order to end our task otherwise
      // we risk our app being terminated, and possibly
      // being labeled as impacting battery life
      BackgroundTask.finish({
        taskId
      });
    });
  }
})

API

beforeExit(…)

beforeExit(cb: Function) => CallbackID

When the app is backgrounded, this method allows you to run a short-lived background task that will ensure that you can finish any work your app needs to do (such as finishing an upload or network request). This is especially important on iOS as any operations would normally be suspended without initiating a background task.

This method should finish in less than 3 minutes or your app risks being terminated by the OS.

When you are finished, this callback must call BackgroundTask.finish({ taskId }) where taskId is the value returned from BackgroundTask.beforeExit()

Param Type Description
cb Function the task to run when the app is backgrounded but before it is terminated

Returns: string


finish(…)

finish(options: { taskId: CallbackID; }) => void

Notify the OS that the given task is finished and the OS can continue backgrounding the app.

Param Type
options { taskId: string; }

Interfaces

Function

Creates a new function.

Prop Type
prototype any
length number
arguments any
caller Function
Method Signature Description
apply (this: Function, thisArg: any, argArray?: any) => any Calls the function, substituting the specified object for the this value of the function, and the specified array for the arguments of the function.
call (this: Function, thisArg: any, …argArray: any[]) => any Calls a method of an object, substituting another object for the current object.
bind (this: Function, thisArg: any, …argArray: any[]) => any For a given function, creates a bound function that has the same body as the original function. The this object of the bound function is associated with the specified object, and has the specified initial parameters.
toString () => string Returns a string representation of a function.
Previous
<- App
Next
Browser ->
Contribute ->